Mazaka named after history of the city in which it is established. Founded in 290 B.C., the city was the capital of independent Cappadocia Kingdom.
Mazaka, which continued to exist as an important city of Roman Empire as Kaisareia after 17 A.D. , It became an important cultural and commercial center of Anatolian culture by taking the name Kayseri in the Ottoman Empire period. Today, this rich identity, continues its existence in the modern Republic of Turkey , while adding the title of advanced industrial city to its name.
As of 31 December 2019, the province had a population of 1,407,409 of whom 1,144,265 lived in this city’s built-up area identified as four (out of five) urban districts, Incesu not being conurbated (not contiguous, having a largely non-protected buffer zone). Kayseri is at the foot of the inactive volcano Mount Erciyes that reaches an altitude of 3,916 metres (12,848 feet), more than 1,500 metres over the city’s mean altitude. The city is often cited in the first ranks among Turkey’s Anatolian Tigers.
The city retains a number of historical monuments, including several from the Seljuk period. It is commonly visited en route to the international tourist attractions of once-surrounding Cappadocia, centred to the east as has Seljuk and Ottoman era monuments centrally, Mount Erciyes as a trekking and alpinism centre, Zamantı River as a rafting centre. The closest ruins and excavations, often with museums are those of Kültepe, Ağırnas, Talas and Develi as the locality was prosperous part of the Silk Road. Kayseri is served by Erkilet International Airport and is home to Erciyes University.